Before digging into the many, many South African ancestors on Ouma Hannie Lampen’s Erasmus/Malan side (which will ultimately lead back to the first century AD in Italy!), let’s take another tour through the Netherlands and see if we can find those elusive knights… or maybe a castle?
Ouma Johanna Elizabeth Heystek-Lampen’s grandmother was the Johanna Roza who traveled to South Africa in 1862 with husband Jan Heijstek (both born in Giessen Netherlands). She died on board the ship Willem Hendrik a few days before they reached Cape Town.
The Roza line has been researched by quite a few genealogists and others who are determined to find the Roza roots. An eighteenth century genealogist by the name of Gijsbert van Rijkhuizen, whose mother was a Rosa, wrote about a Van Rosendael-marriage, among others, in his research. From him we learnt quite a bit, although he apparently did not get all the facts right.
Among all the different Roza lines in Holland there is even a Jewish Roza/Rosa line from about the 1490’s that fled Portugal during the Spanish inquisition, and settled in Amsterdam. I wonder if one of this family of Portuguese Rozas could have made his way to the Cape in the early 1650’s, since a certain Jacob Cornelisz Rosendael—originally from Amsterdam—was one of the four soldiers in service to the V.O.C. (Dutch East Indian Company) to be given a parcel of land on April 14, 1657, outside the first Fort de Goede Hoop—the one built before Die Kasteel. This land was near the Liesbeeck River in an area then known as the “Hollantse Thuyn” and also “Steven's Colony”, near Fort Coornhoop (aptly named “hope for wheat”). Today we know the area as Mowbray. The freeburghers were tasked with producing supplies for the Cape refreshment station. Another one of these four chaps, Steven Jansz Botma, is a Lampen/Heystek/Erasmus forebear… But, I digress.
Our family, through Johanna Elizabeth Roza-Heystek, descends from the Herwijne Rosa/Roza/Roosas. The history of our Roza-family line also goes back to 1490 with the birth of a Reier Goertsz (the s/z suffix indicates “son of Goert”). We don’t know where Reier was born for sure, but he married a Lijsbeth Janse Sterck from Herwijnen in 1515, where our Oupa W.S. Lampen hailed from originally. The earliest records used to track the Rozas are from the Tuil archives, where their land ownership and land sales were recorded.
Reier and Lijsbeth’s son, Goert Reyersz, married “Jutta van Hoeckelom van Rosendael”, daughter of Ot van Hoekelum, which is where the story gets interesting—and also more complicated. The “van Rosendael” addition is written in family documents of Walraven van Arkel, the lord of Waardenburg, Ammerzoden and Heukelom, documenting a baptism where Jutta was a witness. Apparently this particular van Heukelom/van Culemborg clan kept the “van Rosendael” in their surname, as Jutta’s great-grandmother was “jonkvrouwe” Aernt van Rosendael. (“Jonkvrouw” was honorific of nobility). Aernt was the oldest daughter of Ridder (knight) Jan Jansz van Rosendael, and she inherited Heerjansdam (literally “lord Jan’s dam”), the area that is now known as Zwijndrecht.
A ridder (knight) in the Netherlands had “the second lowest rank within the nobility, standing below Baron, but above the untitled nobility Jonkheer”. “Ridder” is a literal translation of the Latin “Eques”, and originally meant “horseman” or “rider”. The association during the Middle Ages was of landed gentry and of warfare, as well as participation by some in the Crusades—a very dark history for sure. The nobles, in conjunction with the urban regents, formed the administrative, political and economic elite of counties. Collectively they were known as the “Ridderschap”. Apparently from the 1550’s onwards there was a decline of nobles who held such offices. Scholars are still debating the cause of this decline.
There is a Rosendael Castle near Velp in the Gelderland Province, but I cannot find any of our ancestry names related to it, funnily enough. However, in the history of the “Slot van Crayesteyn”—as in Schloss or castle, some of our ancestor names connect a few more dots. But sure enough, as I was digging around to make sure of the who’s who here, another genealogy line opened up with family names connected to this castle, going much further back into the 1200’s... That will take some more time to figure out, though, so it will have to be another small story later on.
In 1704 one of the more recent Rozas, Govert Jans, married Lijsbeth Jans van Rijswijk. From Lijsbeth we can follow the van Rijswijks back for another twelve or thirteen generations, and find a father and son who both were knights/ridders: Jan Heimanszn van Rijswijk, born in 1261 in Rijswijk, Altena, and his father Heiman Heimanszn van Rijswijk, born in 1231. Somewhere in the van Rijswijk marriages a few “lords” with names of “Claes Claesz, Lord of Alphen” (1460), “Lord Claes Gerritz” (1410), and a Lord Gerritz Pietersz (1390) make their appearance.
For all the intrigue in finding these names and titles, I care more about the character of the people than any “nobility”. Their standing in societies gave them such responsibility over the lives of others—how did they rule over their lands and the people living there? Is there a good “inheritance” in who they were as human beings?
I added all the Roza names and ancestry lines (up to date) to the genealogy page https://www.familytreedna.com/my/family-tree… , so you can click away on who’s who from when and where, to your heart’s delight if you so wish. You have to minimize and then move the page around to find Johanna Roza, and then click on the little tree-icon to see more of the entries under her name. Have fun!
Previously published on: https://www.facebook.com/groups/Lampens/
•https://www.heijstekfamilie.nl/…/232-de-naam-roza-in-heystek… - How the Rosas fit into the Heysteks
•https://daktari.antenna.nl/rosa.htm - explaning the intricicies of how to find the Rosas
•https://www.e-family.co.za/ffy/g7/p7897.htm - The Cape van Rosendael
•https://www.stamouers.com/civil-and-…/…/1-concis-history-voc - First farmland
•https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heerjansdam - short history of Jan van Rosendael’s dam that became Zwijndrect.
•Herman Selderhuis: Handbook of Dutch Church History, 70–71.